Robert Schumann wrote his Märchenbilder, op. 113, in Düsseldorf in a few 3, in Düsseldorf in a few days at the beginning of March 1851. In his initial full draft he already used the title “Mährchenbilder” to refer to these four pieces for piano and viola (or violin ad libitum); he also recorded their exact dates of composition, writing “1st March 1851” at the end of the first piece and “4th March 1851” at the end of the fourth. His domestic diary, the Haushaltbuch, mentions the work on 1 March 1851 (“viola stories”), 2 March (“fairytale stories”), 3 March (“fairy tales”), and 4 March (“fourth fairy tale”). All four pieces are dedicated to Wilhelm Joseph von Wasielewski, who, according to the Haushaltbuch, played them with Clara Schumann at a family gathering on 15 March (“fairy-tale songs tried out with Wasielewski”; see Robert Schumann, Tagebücher, iii/2, Leipzig, 1982, pp. 554 ff.). Wilhelm Joseph von Wasielewski (1822–1896) was at that time the concertmaster in Düsseldorf. He later discussed the pieces in his biography of the composer: “After Schumann had written his Märchenbilder, which, to my great pleasure, he dedicated to me, he had his wife play them through while I took the viola accompaniment. He then said with a smile: ‘Childish pranks! There’s not much to them.’ By this he merely meant to intimate that the pieces belong to the genre of Kleinkunst. He made no objection when I called them delightful” (W. J. von Wasielewski: Robert Schumann, Leipzig, 1906, p. 417). The first known public performance was given by Clara and Wasielewski at the “Golden Star” inn, Bonn, on 12 November 1853 (see Tagebücher, iii/2, Leipzig, 1982, p. 810, note 924).